The Roth IRA (named after Senate Finance Committee Chairman William Roth) is an IRA to which contributions are not deductible, but distributions (including earnings) can be withdrawn tax-free under certain conditions.Eligibility
Single taxpayers with an adjusted gross income:
Of less than $124,000 for 2020 are eligible to make a full contribution;
Between $124,000 - $138,999 may make partial contributions;
Over $139,000 are not eligible to contribute.
Married taxpayers filing jointly with an adjusted gross income:
Of less than $196,000 are eligible to make a full contribution;
Between $196,000 - $205,999 may make partial contributions;
Over $206,000 are not eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA.
Contributions are not deductible.
The maximum contribution allowed, either to a Traditional IRA, Roth IRA, or a combination of each, is the lesser of 100% of earned income or $6,000 in 2020.
A married couple filing jointly can contribute up to an additional $6,000 for a non-working spouse, as long as the contributions do not exceed their combined earned income. Catch-up contribution for individuals age 50 and older is $1,000.
Roth IRA holders may make contributions after age 70 1/2, as long as they have earned income.
Contribution deadline is the individuals tax return due date (excluding extensions).
Distributions can occur penalty free and tax free if "qualified."
A distribution is considered qualified if the assets have been held in the Roth IRA for a minimum of five taxable years (beginning with the first taxable year for which a Roth contribution was made) and when one of the following events occur: 1) attainment of age 59 1/2; 2) disability; 3) the purchase of a first home; or 4) death.
Distributions from the Roth IRA are not mandatory at age 70 1/2.
A non-qualified distribution is subject to tax and penalty to the extent that it exceeds total contributions. Exceptions may apply.
A rollover from one Roth IRA to another must occur within 60 days from the date of the withdrawal or it may be considered a distribution. One indirect rollover may occur per individual in each 12-month period.
Before making decisions about Individual Retirement Accounts, investors should consult their tax advisor. Century Securities and Stifel do not offer tax advice.
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